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Will India achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2070 – EQ

Will India achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2070 – EQ


In Short : India aims for net-zero carbon emissions by 2070 through expanding renewable energy to 500 GW by 2030, enhancing energy efficiency, promoting electric vehicles, developing carbon capture technology, and focusing on afforestation, despite economic, infrastructural, and technological challenges.

In Detail : There is a rising concern about global warming. Its cascading effects can be starkly seen in the form of climate change. Looking at the deteriorating state of the environment, India has pledged to achieve net-zero emissions by 2070. But considering that India is on the path of development, it is highly dependent on the energy and industrial sectors for driving economic growth. Due to this, the sectors are the major sources releasing emissions into the air that are responsible for global warming. As per the reports by IEA, the country’s emissions increased a lot on account of rapidly growing economy and stood at 7%, reaching 2.8 Gt.

The emissions are only expected to peak in the coming years as the country strives to develop with industrial activities on the rise. Sectors such as manufacturing, construction, transportation, logistics, etc. are the main industries adding to the carbon emissions. Given the complexity of the situation, it poses a significant question whether India will be able to achieve net zero emissions by 2070. Looking at the circumstances, there is a need to take a strategic approach to meet net zero carbon emissions without compromising the economy. To achieve the desired result, it is the need of the hour that the country focuses on R&D for innovating ground-breaking technologies that help reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Bry-Air adsorption technology can help neutralizing carbon emission which will reduce the carbon footprint of industries. With adsorption at the core, it continuously works towards creating sustainable Carbon Capture solutions.

Along similar lines, efforts in the direction of capturing carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere can be a significant step towards mitigating global warming. As stated above, understanding that industrial activities are expected to surge, implementing industrial decarbonization can immensely contribute to curtailing carbon emissions into the air. Seeking carbon capture technology for decarbonization can be a great way to strike the right balance between development and environmental preservation. Consequently, by opening the gateway to a sustainable future, it can propel the country towards achieving its target by the committed year.

Carbon capture is an ingenious technology that comes with the ability to capture carbon dioxide at its source. Elaborating the mechanism, it pragmatically captures carbon dioxide from power plants and industrial facilities, which is followed by storage in the underground geological formations. In turn, the technology plays a pivotal role in preventing carbon dioxide from being released into the atmosphere. The benefits of carbon capture go beyond just mitigating carbon emissions; in the process, it also captures other pollutants that are responsible for air pollution and various health problems in humans.

At the same time, advanced technology can also address concerns about the development of the country by contributing to a circular economy. Here, the carbon dioxide captured at the source can be utilized for producing various value-added products. Exploring its various potentials, carbon capture can create green urea and green hydrogen, to name a few products. In turn, it can open immense opportunities for the country to create a market for new product lines. Where green urea can find application in sustainable agricultural practices, green hydrogen comes in handy for the production of ammonia, methanol, steel, etc. that otherwise heavily rely on fossil fuels for production.

Looking at the benefits of carbon capture technology, the mission to become a net-zero country by 2070 seems to be an achievable target. The technology is versatile enough that it bodes well for reducing carbon emissions while achieving economic goals. Therefore, it is the need of the hour that the country implements carbon capture technology for abating the issue of global warming.

Anand Gupta Editor - EQ Int'l Media Network