India’s rapid economic growth in the last two decades has also reflected in its ever-rising power consumption. Demand for electricity has been rising much faster than the population, with further increase anticipated in the years ahead. Demand is particularly high during the summer months when people all over the country turn to air conditioners and coolers to beat the heat, adding strain on the power grid. But shortfalls in power supply have largely been bridged, data shows. Mint examines how the country keeps up with the requirement, especially during summers.
As both commercial and residential consumption have grown leaps and bounds, the peak demand met by India’s electricity infrastructure has jumped nearly three times from 68 gigawatts (GW) in 2000-01 to 211.9 GW in the just-concluded fiscal year 2022-23 (hit at 2:47 pm on 10 June 2022). Peak demand is expected to reach 334.8 gigawatts by 2030, the power ministry’s Central Electricity Authority (CEA) has projected.