The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) is a govt document that includes eight ambitious goals set for the country to achieve.
Published in 2008 by the then-Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change (Government of India), the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) aims at creating awareness among the representatives of the public, different agencies of the government, scientists, industry and the community as a whole, on the threat posed by climate change and the steps proposed at the level of India to counter these changes.
Recognising that climate change is a global challenge, the plan promised that India will engage actively in multilateral negotiations in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, in a positive, constructive and forward-looking manner.
1. National Solar Mission
This initiative started in 2010 to promote the use of solar power.
Recently, in January this year, India achieved 20 gw (giga watt) cumulative solar capacity — achieving the milestone four years ahead of the target for 2022 originally set in the National Solar Mission.
2. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
The initiative was undertaken to promote the market for energy efficiency by fostering innovative policies and effective market instruments.
In 2009, it was approved ‘in principle’ by the PM’s Council on Climate Change.
3. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
Approved by the PM in 2011, it aims to make cities sustainable through improvements in energy efficiency in buildings, management of solid waste and shift to public transport.
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs backs the mission.
4. National Water Mission
The mission was put in place to ensure integrated water resource management helping to conserve water, minimize wastage and ensure more equitable distribution both across and within states.
This mission is one of the most proactive ones, and is backed by the National Water Policy as well as the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
5. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
A multi-pronged, cross-cutting mission across various sectors, NMSHE got a nod from the Union Cabinet in 2014.
Aimed at protecting the Himalayas, it has mapped institutes and civil society organisations working on the Himalayan ecology for ease of coordination between governmental and non-governmental agencies.
6. National Mission for a Green India
Also termed as the Green India Mission/Scheme, it aims at protecting; restoring and enhancing India’s diminishing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures.
Driven by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, it received the nod of approval from the Cabinet in 2014.
7. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
Another one of the govt’s most efficient missions, it has been formulated for enhancing agricultural productivity especially in rainfed areas focusing on integrated farming, water use efficiency, soil health management and synergizing resource conservation.
It got the nod back in 2010, and has recently got approval for one of its key missions — National Bamboo Mission — by the Cabinet.
8. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change
The mission seeks to build a dynamic and vibrant knowledge system that informs and supports national policy and action for responding effectively to climate change challenges, while not compromising on the nation’s growth goals.
Department of Science and Technology drives the mission, and a recent development under the mission was the govt’s approval for establishing Karnataka’s first climate change lab.